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Security Leftovers

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Security

Snowden: “I Used Free And Open Source Software Like Debian And TOR. I Didn’t Trust Microsoft”

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GNU
Linux
Security
Debian

At the Free Software Foundation’s LibrePlanet2016 conference on Saturday, NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden participated in a discussion regarding free software and security. He joined the talk via video conferencing from Russia.

Edward Snowden told that he was able to disclose the secrets of American government and its projects of mass surveillance using free software. The event was being held in an MIT lecture hall and this statement drew a wide round of applause.

Praising the likes of Debian, Tails, and TOR, he said — “What happened in 2013 couldn’t have happened without free software.”

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Also: OS X and Linux rise in developer market to threaten Windows

Antivirus Live CD 17.0-0.99.1 Uses ClamAV 0.99.1 to Clean Your PCs of Viruses

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Linux
Security

4MLinux developer Zbigniew Konojacki today informs Softpedia about the immediate availability for download of a new build of his Antivirus Live CD tool based on the latest 4MLinux and ClamAV projects.

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Security Leftovers

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Security
  • Leopard Flower firewall – Protect your bytes

    Several months ago, I decided to explore a somewhat obscure topic of outbound per-application firewall control in Linux. A concept that Windows users are well familiar with, it’s been around for ages, providing Windows folks with a heightened sense of – if not practical factual – protection against rogues residing in their system and trying to phone home.

    In Linux, things are a little different, but with the growing flux of Windows converts arriving at the sandy shores of open-source, the notion of need for outbound control of applications has also risen, giving birth to software designed to allay fears if not resolve problems. My first attempt to play with Leopard Flower and Douane was somewhat frustrating. Now, I’m going to revisit the test, focusing only on the former.

    [...]

    Leopard Flower firewall is an interesting concept. Misplaced, though, for most parts. It caters to a Windows need that does not exist on Linux, and to be frank, has no place in the Microsoft world either. Then, it also tries to resolve a problem of control and knowledge by requiring the user to exercise the necessary control and knowledge. But if they had those to begin with, they wouldn’t need to dabble in per-application firewalls. Furthermore, the software is still fairly immature. There are at least half a dozen little things and changes that can be implemented to make lpfw more elegant, starting with installation and followed by service and GUI model, prompts, robustness, and a few others.

  • Critical bug in libotr could open users of ChatSecure, Adium, Pidgin to compromise
  • Clair 1.0 Brings Advances in Container Security

    CoreOS pushes the open-source container security project to the 1.0 milestone and production stability.
    As container use grows, there is an increasing need to understand from a security perspective what is actually running in a container. That's the goal of CoreOS' Clair container security project, which officially hits the 1.0 milestone today, in an effort to help organizations validate container application security.

Security Leftovers

Filed under
Security
  • Friday's security updates
  • At pwn2Own, Chrome, Flash and Other Key Tools Proved Vulnerable
  • Motor Vehicles Increasingly Vulnerable to Remote Exploits

    As previously reported by the media in and after July 2015, security researchers evaluating automotive cybersecurity were able to demonstrate remote exploits of motor vehicles. The analysis demonstrated the researchers could gain significant control over vehicle functions remotely by exploiting wireless communications vulnerabilities. While the identified vulnerabilities have been addressed, it is important that consumers and manufacturers are aware of the possible threats and how an attacker may seek to remotely exploit vulnerabilities in the future. Third party aftermarket devices with Internet or cellular access plugged into diagnostics ports could also introduce wireless vulnerabilities.

  • Malvertising hits BBC, Newsweek, NYT and MSN

    Links to malware inside online advertising bypassed the security systems of the advertising serving companies and distributed ransomware to unsuspecting ‘link clickers’.

    Earlier this week major websites including BBC, Newsweek, New York Times and MSN ‘hosted’ malvertising on their sites that has been credited as the largest of attack of its type for two years. Previously Google’s DoubleClick and Zedo ad servers were ‘infected’ and YouTube, Amazon and Yahoo websites used advertisements served from them.

    Although ad serving networks try to filter out malicious ones, occasionally altered ones’ slip in. On a high-traffic site, this means a large pool of potential victims. Websites that serve the ads are usually unaware of the problem.

    AppNexus, one of the ad servers said it has an anti-malware detection system called Sherlock it uses to screen ads and also uses a filtering product from a third-party vendor. "We devote considerable financial resources to safeguarding our customers. Unfortunately, bad actors also invest considerably in developing new forms of malware,” said Josh Zeitz, vice president of communications.

  • Security Researcher Goes Missing After Investigating Bangladesh Bank Cyber-Heist

    Tanvir Hassan Zoha, 34, security researcher, has gone missing just days after accusing Bangladesh's central bank officials of negligence, which facilitated the theft of over $81 million from the country's oversea accounts.

Linux Kernel 3.12.57 LTS Out Now with ALSA, EFI, and Xen Improvements, Bugfixes

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Linux
Security

On March 18, 2016, kernel developer Jiri Slaby announced the release of the fifty-seventh maintenance build of the long-term supported Linux 3.12 kernel series.

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Security Leftovers

Filed under
Security
  • Security updates for Thursday
  • Locky Ransomware Spreading in Massive Spam Attack

    Trustwave said over the last seven days, malware-laced spam has represented 18 percent of total spam collected in its honeypots. Trustwave said malware-infected spam typically represent less than 2 percent of total spam. The recent increase to 18 percent is almost entirely traced to ransomware JavaScript downloaders. Campaigns aren’t continuous, Trustwave reported, but are delivered in hour-long bursts.

  • Considering Docker? Consider Security First

    Containers started making a big splash in IT and dev operations starting in 2014. The benefits of flexibility and go-live times, among many others, are almost undeniable. But large enterprises considering using a container platform for development or IT operations should pause and consider security first.

Security Leftovers

Filed under
Security
  • Big-name sites hit by rash of malicious ads spreading crypto ransomware [Updated]

    Mainstream websites, including those published by The New York Times, the BBC, MSN, and AOL, are falling victim to a new rash of malicious ads that attempt to surreptitiously install crypto ransomware and other malware on the computers of unsuspecting visitors, security firms warned.

    The tainted ads may have exposed tens of thousands of people over the past 24 hours alone, according to a blog post published Monday by Trend Micro. The new campaign started last week when "Angler," a toolkit that sells exploits for Adobe Flash, Microsoft Silverlight, and other widely used Internet software, started pushing laced banner ads through a compromised ad network.

    According to a separate blog post from Trustwave's SpiderLabs group, one JSON-based file being served in the ads has more than 12,000 lines of heavily obfuscated code. When researchers deciphered the code, they discovered it enumerated a long list of security products and tools it avoided in an attempt to remain undetected.

  • VMware fixes XSS flaws in vRealize for Linux

    VMware patched two cross-site scripting issues in several editions of its vRealize cloud software. These flaws could be exploited in stored XSS attacks and could result in the user's workstation being compromised.

  • VMware patches severe XSS flaws in vRealize software

    VMware has patched two serious vulnerabilities in the firm's vRealize software which could lead to remote code execution and the compromise of business workstations.

    In a security advisory posted on Tuesday, the Palo Alto, California-based firm said the "important" vulnerabilities are found within the VMware vRealize Automation and VMware vRealize Business Advanced and Enterprise software platforms.

  • Get ready to patch Git servers, clients – nasty-looking bugs surface

    A chap who found two serious security bugs in Git servers and clients has urged people to patch their software.

    The flaws are present in Git including the 2.x, 1.9 and 1.7 branches, meaning the vulnerabilities have been lurking in the open-source version control tool for years.

    It is possible these two programming blunders can be potentially exploited to corrupt memory or execute malicious code on remote servers and clients. To do so, an attacker would have to craft a Git repository with a tree of files that have extremely long filenames, and then push the repo to a vulnerable server or let a vulnerable client clone it from the internet.

Ubuntu 15.10 for Raspberry Pi 2 Kernel Patched by Canonical to Fix Seven Issues

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Security

On March 15, 2016, we reported on the fact that Canonical published several new Ubuntu Security Notices to inform the community about important kernel updates for the Ubuntu 12.04 LTS, Ubuntu 14.04 LTS, and Ubuntu 15.10 operating systems.

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Thunderbird’s defective method of enabling anti-virus software to scan incoming POP3 e-mail messages

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Security

Thunderbird’s method of enabling anti-virus software to scan incoming e-mail messages is explained in the mozillaZine article 'Download each e-mail to a separate file before adding to Inbox' and in Mozilla bug report no. 116443 (the bug report that resulted in the functionality being implemented).

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More in Tux Machines

Black Lab Brings Real-Time Kernel Patching to Its Enterprise Desktop 8 Linux OS

A few moments ago, Softpedia has been informed by Black Lab Software about the general availability of the sixth DP (Developer Preview) build of the upcoming Black Lab Linux Enterprise Desktop 8 OS. Sporting a new kernel from the Linux kernel from the 4.2 series, Black Lab Linux Enterprise Desktop 8 Developer Preview 6 arrives today for early adopters and public beta testers with real-time kernel patching, which means that you won't have to reboot your Black Lab Linux Enterprise OS after kernel upgrades. "DP6 offers you a window into what's new and whats coming when Black Lab Enterprise Desktop and Black Lab Enterprise Desktop for Education is released. As with our other developer previews it also aids in porting your applications to the new environment," said Roberto J. Dohnert, CEO, Black Lab Software. Read more

USB stick brings neural computing functions to devices

Movidius unveiled a “Fathom” USB stick and software framework for integrating accelerated neural networking processing into embedded and mobile devices. On April 28, Movidius announced availability of the USB-interfaced “Fathom Neural Compute Stick,” along with an underlying Fathom deep learning software framework. The device is billed as “the world’s first embedded neural network accelerator,” capable of allowing “powerful neural networks to be moved out of the cloud, and deployed natively in end-user devices.” Read more

ImageMagick Security Bug Puts Sites at Risk

  • Open Source ImageMagick Security Bug Puts Sites at Risk
    ImageMagick, an open source suite of tools for working with graphic images used by a large number of websites, has been found to contain a serious security vulnerability that puts sites using the software at risk for malicious code to be executed onsite. Security experts consider exploitation to be so easy they’re calling it “trivial,” and exploits are already circulating in the wild. The biggest risk is to sites that allows users to upload their own image files. Information about the vulnerability was made public Tuesday afternoon by Ryan Huber, a developer and security researcher, who wrote that he had little choice but to post about the exploit.
  • Huge number of sites imperiled by critical image-processing vulnerability
    A large number of websites are vulnerable to a simple attack that allows hackers to execute malicious code hidden inside booby-trapped images. The vulnerability resides in ImageMagick, a widely used image-processing library that's supported by PHP, Ruby, NodeJS, Python, and about a dozen other languages. Many social media and blogging sites, as well as a large number of content management systems, directly or indirectly rely on ImageMagick-based processing so they can resize images uploaded by end users.
  • Extreme photo-bombing: Bad ImageMagick bug puts countless websites at risk of hijacking
    A wildly popular software tool used by websites to process people's photos can be exploited to execute malicious code on servers and leak server-side files. Security bugs in the software are apparently being exploited in the wild right now to compromise at-risk systems. Patches to address the vulnerabilities are available in the latest source code – but are incomplete and have not been officially released, we're told.

Canonical to Offer Snappy Ubuntu 16 Images for Raspberry Pi 2, DragonBoard 410c

As you may know (or not), the Ubuntu Online Summit for Ubuntu 16.10 (Yakkety Yak) is taking place these days, between May 3 and May 5, on the Ubuntu On Air channel, where the Ubuntu devs are laying down plans for the future. We've already reported the other day that the next major release of the popular Linux kernel-based operating system, Ubuntu 16.10, which has been dubbed by Canonical and Ubuntu founder Mark Shuttleworth as Yakkety Yak, won't ship with the long-anticipated Unity 8 desktop interface as the default session. Read more