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Best Free and Open Source Web Servers

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In hardware terms, a web server is a computer that stores web server software and a website’s component files such as HTML documents, images, CSS and JavaScript files. A web server connects to the Internet and supports physical data interchange with other devices connected to the web.

This article focuses on the software side. In this respect, a web server’s primary function is to store, process and deliver web pages to clients. It has several parts that control how web users access hosted files. At a minimum, this is an HTTP server. An HTTP server is software that understands URLs (web addresses) and HTTP (the protocol your browser uses to view webpages). An HTTP server can be accessed through the domain names of the websites it stores, and it delivers the content of these hosted websites to the end user’s device.

At the most basic level, whenever a browser needs a file that is hosted on a web server, the browser requests the file via HTTP. When the request reaches the correct (hardware) web server, the (software) HTTP server accepts the request, finds the requested document, and sends it back to the browser, also through HTTP.

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Also: TLDR – Makes it easier to understand man pages

Xfce 4.16: First Look at the New Features and Improvements

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The initial plan for Xfce 4.16 wasn’t to be a big release, like Xfce 4.14 was, but it turned out it was worth the effort of working on more new features for the lightweight desktop environment and present users with a comprehensive update.

Of course, nothing can beat the Xfce 4.14 release, which was more than 4 years in the works. However, Xfce 4.16 has some very nice additions fans will more likely enjoy, and who knows, it may even convert a few GNOME or KDE users to the lightweight alternative used by many popular distros by default, including Xubuntu, Manjaro, and others.

So, without further ado, here are the top 10 new features in the Xfce 4.16 desktop environment.

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Wine 5.17 Released

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  • Wine Announcement
    The Wine development release 5.17 is now available.
    What's new in this release (see below for details):
      - ADVAPI32 library converted to PE.
      - Beginnings of an NDIS network driver.
      - Still more restructuration of the console support.
      - Various bug fixes.
    The source is available from the following locations:
    Binary packages for various distributions will be available from:
    You will find documentation on
    You can also get the current source directly from the git
    repository. Check for details.
    Wine is available thanks to the work of many people. See the file
    AUTHORS in the distribution for the complete list.
  • Wine 5.17 Released With Work Started On NDIS Network Driver

    Wine 5.17 is out this afternoon as the latest bi-weekly development snapshot in the Wine 5.x series leading up to Wine 6.0 in early 2021.

    Wine 5.17 marks the ADVAPI32 library being converted to a portable executable (PE), the start of an NDIS network driver, more restructuring of the console support, and various bug fixes.

    The NDIS work in this release is the creating of the NDIS service and so far creating network card registry keys and devices with ndis.sys and beginning to implement the ioctls for this Windows Network Driver Interface Specification (NDIS).

The 10 Best Linux Web Browsers

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Web browsers were introduced around 1991. Since then, they have progressively advanced to operate on multiple operating systems with increased efficiency and performance. Linux, being an open-source community product, gives freedom for experimenting with several browsing features to improve functionality and usability.

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Calindori 1.2; the official one

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Calindori 1.2 is out! Although a couple of versions have also been tagged, that’s the first stable release of Calindori as a KDE application.

In this release, new ways to manage your schedule have been added, several rough edges have been smoothed out, and a set of mobile-desktop convergence bits have been introduced.

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Also: KeePass 2.46 Released with TLS 1.3 Support on .NET 4.8+

Software: Diffoscope, Cryptonose and CPU Power Manager

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  • Reproducible Builds (diffoscope): diffoscope 160 released

    The diffoscope maintainers are pleased to announce the release of diffoscope version 160. This version includes the following changes:

    * Check that pgpdump is actually installed before attempting to run it.
      Thanks to Gianfranco Costamagna (locutusofborg). (Closes: #969753)
    * Add some documentation for the EXTERNAL_TOOLS dictionary.
    * Ensure we check FALLBACK_FILE_EXTENSION_SUFFIX, otherwise we run pgpdump
      against all files that are recognised by file(1) as "data".

  • Cryptonose – Cryptocurrency trading tool

    A cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual currency that is secured by cryptography, which makes it nearly impossible to counterfeit or double-spend. Typically it does not exist in physical form (like paper money) and is also typically not issued by a central authority. Instead, there’s decentralized control.

    Cryptocurrencies have not only had an impact on the world’s expectations surrounding money. They’ve also continued to evolve since the first Bitcoin block was mined back in 2009. Since then, thousands of unique cryptocurrencies have appeared.

    Of these, Bitcoin remains the most popular. Some economists, including several Nobel laureates, have characterized it as a speculative bubble. But Bitcoin could be on the verge of adoption by professional investors which would send its price higher.

  • CPU Power Manager – Control And Manage CPU Frequency In Linux

    There are tools, like TLP, Laptop Mode Tools and powertop, helps reduce power consumption and improves overall Laptop battery life on Linux. Another way to reduce power consumption is to limit the frequency of your CPU. While this is something that has always been doable, it generally requires complicated terminal commands, making it inconvenient for the noobs. But fortunately, there’s a gnome extension that helps you easily set and manage your CPU’s frequency - CPU Power Manager. CPU Power Manager uses the intel_pstate frequency scaling driver (supported by almost every Intel CPU) to control and manage CPU frequency in your GNOME desktop.

    Another reason to use this extension is to reduce heating in your system. There are many systems out there which can get uncomfortably hot in normal usage. Limiting your CPU’s frequency could reduce heating. It will also decrease the wear and tear on your CPU and other components.

Announcing Istio 1.7.1

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This release contains bug fixes to improve robustness. This release note describes what’s different between Istio 1.7.0 and Istio 1.7.1

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Also: What are containers and why do you need them?

Cawbird Twitter Client Gains New Features and Lowers Memory Usage

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An updated version of Cawbird, the GTK Twitter client for Linux desktops, is available to install.

Cawbird 1.2.0 features a modest assortment of improvements, including several aimed at improving overall accessibility. The client is not only able to show alt descriptions on images attached to tweets (via a tooltip) but it now lets you add your own alt images when uploading media.

Fans of narrow screens will be pleased to know that the app can be scaled down even narrower and still look okay/present tweets cleanly. This will be handy if, say, you’re using it on one of those new fangled Linux phones out there!

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Collaboratively Annotate large-scale DeepZoom images with MicroDraw

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MicroDraw is a lightweight web-based collaborative annotation application for displaying and viewing large-scale (DeepZoom) images. It's completely free and open-source software that comes with no restrictions to use or to modify.

It's a self-hosted application which means it can be installed and hosted at private hosting for teams.


MicroDraw is licensed under GNU GPL v3.

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Announcing Istio 1.6.9

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This release contains bug fixes to improve robustness. This release note describes what’s different between Istio 1.6.8 and Istio 1.6.9.

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