One of the key moments in the rise of GNU/Linux was when software companies producing their own variant of Unix realised that it made no sense for them all to work on something that was no longer providing any competitive advantage - it was simply part of the digital plumbing that had to be provided in some form. That meant they could usefully collaborate on a common platform, and differentiate themselves in other ways - higher up the software stack, or through services, for example.
Then the question became: whose Unix should they all standardise on? To choose any one of the available commercial Unixes would naturally give the company offering it a big advantage; what was needed was a neutral middle-ground. That middle-ground was GNU/Linux. Not only did it have all the advantages of traditional Unix, but its openness meant that it could be easily customised without requiring complicated licensing agreements.
Commoditisation has now spread to many other areas, notably in the smartphone and embedded sectors, as companies realise that it makes sense to collaborate on the common elements, which saves money and time, and frees up resources to work on more specialised aspects which might produce bigger paybacks.
The Live version of Salix has been in the works for quite some time and the developers have made a lot of changes and improvements since the previous release in the series. In fact, the Live editions for the Salix flavors have been largely ignored in the past couple of years, but that is changing with this release.
Salix is one of the few Linux distributions still maintained that is using Slackware as the base. Many of the older, similar distros have gone away completely and others have changed their base. The Linux ecosystem is all about diversity, so it's a good thing that some developers are still trying to keep the Slackware dream alive.
Kano, a small British start up with strong Israeli ties, set out to make the inside workings of a modern computer accessible to children again. The idea behind the project is get kids coding and hacking themselves, and was inspired by one of the founders' seven-year-old cousin who wanted to build a computer and wondered if it could be made as easy as playing with Lego.
Presentation videos from GNU Tools Cauldron 2014 have now been posted online. The conference, which this year was held from July 18 - 20, 2014 in Cambridge, England at the University of Cambridge, featured nearly thirty presentations on tools in the GNU toolchain including GCC, the GNU Compiler Collection, and GDB, the GNU Project Debugger. Developers shared tutorials and insights in addition to discussing development plans for various projects within the GNU toolchain.
Pisi Linux has continued its activities after 1.0 and we reached our second stable version 1.1. This version resulting from intensive studies; strong, stable, comfortable to use, safe and so fast. The strength of the structure to prevent damage to your system uses hardware safely to the end. Also in this release, along with many innovations were offered to us.
Two of the major Linux distributors, Red Hat Inc. and SUSE, appear to believe that becoming the dominant supplier of cloud services and technology will allow them to continue to battle mainframes, Windows and single-vendor Unix in both corporate and services provider datacenters. Both of these suppliers have made recent announcements based on cloud-related products and services. Let's take a look at what they're doing.
CoreOS is a slimmed-down Linux distribution designed for easy creation of lots of OS instances. We like the concept.
CoreOS uses Docker to deploy applications in virtual containers; it also features a management communications bus, and group instance management.
Rackspace, Amazon Web Services (AWS), GoogleComputeEngine (GCE), and Brightbox are early cloud compute providers compatible with CoreOS and with specific deployment capacity for CoreOS. We tried Rackspace and AWS, and also some local “fleet” deployments.
Technological neutrality is the principle that the state should not impose preferences for or against specific kinds of technology. For example, there should not be a rule that specifies whether state agencies should use solid state memory or magnetic disks, or whether they should use GNU/Linux or BSD. Rather, the agency should let bidders propose any acceptable technology as part of their solutions, and choose the best/cheapest offer by the usual rules.
The principle of technological neutrality is valid, but it has limits. Some kinds of technology are harmful; they may pollute air or water, encourage antibiotic resistance, abuse their users, abuse the workers that make them, or cause massive unemployment. These should be taxed, regulated, discouraged, or even banned.
The principle of technological neutrality applies only to purely technical decisions. It is not “ethical neutrality” or “social neutrality”; it does not apply to decisions about ethical and social issues—such as the choice between free software and proprietary software.
Choice and flexibility are the hallmarks of a Linux distribution, and by extension the Linux ecosystem. With the proprietary Windows and OS X, you're stuck with the system as designed and can't make changes no matter how unpleasant you may find the experience. Linux distributions are free of such limitations.
Each distro has the Linux kernel at its core, but builds on top of that with its own selection of other components, depending on the target audience of the distro. Most Linux users switch between distros until they finally find the one that best suits their needs. However, for new and inexperienced users, the choice of hundreds of distros, with seemingly little to distinguish them, can seem challenging to say the least.