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Legal

Allwinner Accused of Breaking Linux License Rules

Filed under
Linux
Legal

Fabless processor company Allwinner Technology Co. Ltd. (Zhuhai, China) has been accused of violating the GNU General Public License (GPL) under which Linux is distributed.

The alleged violations are within the software development kits that support the writing of software for some of Allwinner's 32-bit system-chips, according to Linux-Sunxi, a community of open-source developers that has formed around the Allwinner SoCs. The Linux kernel is at the heart of the Android operating system, and therefore a significant factor in the tablet computer market which has been a key part of Allwinner's business to date.

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​Google pushes to take Oracle Java copyright case to Supreme Court

Filed under
Development
Google
Legal

Google has had enough of its long-running legal battle with Oracle over whether application programming interfaces (API)s can be copyrighted. The search giant has asked the Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) to bypass further battles in lower courts and address the API copyright issue once and for all. SCOTUS, in return, is soliciting the Obama administration for its view of the case before moving forward.

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Also: Top 10 FOSS legal developments of 2014

The litigation surrounding Android continued this year, with significant developments in the patent litigation between Apple Computer, Inc. (Apple) and Samsung Electronics, Inc. (Samsung) and the copyright litigation over the Java APIs between Oracle Corporation (Oracle) and Google, Inc. (Google). Apple and Samsung have agreed to end patent disputes in nine countries, but they will continue the litigation in the US. As I stated last year, the Rockstar Consortium was a wild card in this dispute. However, the Rockstar Consortium settled its litigation with Google this year and sold off its patents, so it will no longer be a risk to the Android ecosystem.

The copyright litigation regarding the copyrightability of the Java APIs was brought back to life by the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (CAFC) decision which overturned the District Court decision. The District Court had found that Google was not liable for copyright infringement for its admitted copying of the Java APIs: the court found that the Java APIs were either not copyrightable or their use by Google was protected by various defenses to copyright. The CAFC overturned both the decision and the analysis and remanded the case to the District Court for a review of the fair use defense raised by Google. Subsequently, Google filed an appeal to the Supreme Court. The impact of a finding that Google was liable for copyright infringement in this case would have a dramatic effect on Android and, depending on the reasoning, would have a ripple effect across the interpretation of the scope of the “copyleft” terms of the GPL family of licenses which use APIs.

The Licensing and Compliance Lab interviews Aaron Wolf of Snowdrift.coop

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Interviews
Legal

This is the latest installment of our Licensing and Compliance Lab's series on free software developers who choose GNU licenses for their works.

In this edition, we conducted an email-based interview with Aaron Wolf, co-founder of Snowdrift.coop, a web platform coordinating patronage specifically for freely-licensed works. Aaron Wolf is a music teacher by trade who got involved in the free software movement in 2012 building on his earlier interest in free culture and cooperative economics.

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Old FOSS Friend & Foe Represents Sony in Hack

Filed under
Microsoft
Security
Legal

Boies, along with three attorneys representing the States, brought Microsoft to it’s knees — or so it seemed at the time.

On November 5, 1999, Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson found that Windows dominance on the PC made the company a monopoly and that the company had taken illegal actions against Apple, Java, Netscape, Lotus Notes, RealNetworks, Linux, and others in order to maintain that monopoly. He ordered Microsoft broken in two, with one company producing Windows and another handling all other Microsoft software.

As we all know, Judge Jackson’s solution was never implemented.

Although an appeals court upheld the verdict against Redmond, the breakup of the company was overturned and sent back to the lower court for a review by a new judge. Two years later, in September, 2001, under the Bush Administration, the DOJ announced that it was no longer seeking the breakup of Microsoft, and in November reached a settlement which California, Connecticut, Iowa, Florida, Kansas, Minnesota, Utah, Virginia and Massachusetts opposed.

The settlement basically required Microsoft to share its APIs and appoint a three person panel that would have complete access to Microsoft’s systems, records, and source code for five years. The settlement didn’t require Microsoft to change any code or stop the company from tying additional software with Windows. Additionally, the DOJ did not require Microsoft to change any of its code.

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Apple- and Microsoft-backed patent group ends its war on Android

Filed under
OS
Android
Microsoft
Mac
Legal

And just like that, the Rockstar Consortium's lawsuit campaign against Android is over. The patent holding group (backed by Apple, BlackBerry, Ericsson, Microsoft and Sony) has sold all of its commonly held patents to clearinghouse RPX for $900 million, or a fraction of the $4.5 billion the total patent pool was worth a few years ago. Rockstar will accordingly drop the lawsuits that it still had left, including those leveled against HTC, LG and Samsung. Don't worry that RPX will promptly turn around and sue someone else, either. It already has a deal to license those patents for defensive purposes to a group of 30-plus companies, including Google and Cisco, while the Rockstar companies get to keep their licenses.

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Advocacy group: ‘ICT procurement is broken’

Filed under
OSS
Legal

Public administrations in the EU are hindering competition by asking for specific brands and products when procuring software solutions, says OpenForum Europe, an organisation campaigning for an open, competitive ICT market. “No progress has been made in recent years. In fact the practice of referring to brand names in public procurement has become more widespread”, OFE says.

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Defending the Free Linux World

Filed under
Linux
Legal

Co-opetition is a part of open source. The Open Invention Network model allows companies to decide where they will compete and where they will collaborate, explained OIN CEO Keith Bergelt. As open source evolved, "we had to create channels for collaboration. Otherwise, we would have hundreds of entities spending billions of dollars on the same technology."

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Judge spanks SCO in ancient ownership of Unix lawsuit

Filed under
Linux
Legal

IBM has had a win in its long court battle with SCO over just who owns Unix and, by extension, whether Linux is an unauthorised clone.

Some quick and simplified history: SCO – short for The Santa Cruz Operation – was a software company that offered a version of Unix for x86 chippery. When Linux came along in the late 90s and started turning into a business, SCO more or less sank and it attacked both Novell and IBM for their role in helping to spread Linus Torvalds' brainchild. At stake was whether those who distribute and profit from Linux should share some of their bounty with SCO. If a court had found in SCO's favour, it would have been bad news for Linux.

The Novell suit ran for about six years, but SCO lost. After that, SCO endured all manner of financial strife, but managed to crawl from the crypt more than once. Last year, SCO managed to secure approval to re-open the case against IBM.

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Also: ENOUGH! Says Nuffer

GPLv2 goes to court: More decisions from the Versata tarpit

Filed under
GNU
Legal

The General Public License Version 2 (GPLv2) continues to be the most widely used and most important license for free and open source software. Black Duck Software estimates that 16 billion lines of code are licensed under GPLv2. Despite its importance, the GPLv2 has been the subject of very few court decisions, and virtually all of the most important terms of the GPLv2 have not been interpreted by courts.

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Patent Troll Kills Open Source Project On Speeding Up The Computation Of Erasure Codes

Filed under
OSS
Legal

Via James Bessen, we learn of how a patent trolling operation by StreamScale has resulted in an open source project completely shutting down, despite the fact that the patent in question (US Patent 8,683,296 for an "Accelerated erasure coding system and method") is almost certainly ineligible for patent protection as an abstract idea, following the Supreme Court's Alice ruling and plenty of prior art. Erasure codes are used regularly today in cloud computing data storage and are considered to be rather important. Not surprisingly, companies and lawyers are starting to pop out of the woodwork to claim patents on key pieces. I won't pretend to understand the fundamental details of erasure codes, but the link above provides all the details. It goes through the specific claims in the patents, breaking down what they actually say (basically an erasure code on a computer using SIMD instructions), and how that's clearly an abstract idea and thus not patent-eligible.

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Linux Kernel 3.18.4 Stable Released, Install In Ubuntu/Linux Mint


Linux Kernel 3.18.4 Stable Released, Install In Ubuntu/Linux Mint

Linux Kernel 3.18.4 Stable is released and can be installed or updated in Ubuntu Vivid Vervet, Utopic Unicorn, Trusty Tahr and Linux Mint Rebecca and Qiana.
 
 
 
 
 
 

Read at LinuxAndUbuntu

援交妹色彩絢麗

在喝之前既不煮也不蒸,而是象茶一樣是沖泡出來的。對我的豆豆和老公的豆豆都有效!雖然還是有豆豆不斷地出來,但是的 確緩解了很多。 而我會開始喜歡韓國人是因為他們真的是很有自我風格的民族,就像先前說的,不管流行怎么走,韓國人總是有自己的美學標 準台中援交妹,他們積極又自信的態度就是成功的關鍵,當然他們的品味有時候 也讓 人不敢恭維(像是深色口紅和留羽毛剪發型的少男團體),不過轉變中的韓國的確有許多吸引人的元素,不論是好是壞,都值得 我們細細品嘗謝天謝地外送服務,韓國人終于從熏黑眼和酒紅唇膏中畢業了,拜 幾 位當紅偶像之賜,韓國開始崇尚自然的美感前不久還公布一份“無公害藝人排行榜”,也就是指不化妝也好看的明星外約,臺灣人熟悉的元彬和李英愛分別位居男女藝人的第一名全套,這份報告也宣示了韓國自 然彩妝時代的來臨,具有重要的意義,因為過去媒體總是喜歡宣揚明星的化妝術,造成一股跟風,害每個韓國女人看起來都長 的很像,而現在連化妝品廣告都很少看到濃妝艷抹的代言人,就知道自然 妝當道不過有趣的是,在一支由元彬和樸志胤擔任男女主角的粉底廣告中,我們還是看到韓國女人很賊又很高招的偽裝術,廣 告的內容是一對男女有些曖昧的躺在床上,男人心里想:“我看到了她沒有 化妝的素顏。

援交妹至于前者

大家自己算哦上老公買的包包因為有購買限制,老公還看中了2個包無法購買,曾經試圖去同一個城市不同的lv店想混,沒想到 ,還是被人家查出來了,不給買。 只不過對于該片來說,廣告植入的做法仍然非常明顯。“自豪”與“富豪”雖一字之差按摩,但其意義卻截然不同。陳紅年輕的時候臉形也略太大方有余清秀不 足魚訊,李嘉欣就是西方人的輪廓,我在外國見多了 ,也就公司前臺小姐的水準陳法蓉年輕的時候,就是演人在邊緣和巨人的時候,真是身材好臉蛋也有自己獨特的魅力,關鍵是 氣質和年輕的臉蛋還有標致性短發配起來一絕。 這些包我都在尚品網看到過,現在就給大家來幾張大圖,各位仔細玩味一下吧!!!(CHANEL因為有大牌日活動援交妹莊,我就不截圖給大家看了。 這樣吧,我訂好地方之后,稍后再讓秘書通知你。她們懂得用頭腦來營造讓人無法抗拒的氛圍,更主動的對男人進攻,奪取自 己的目標。 ”民警立即將情況通知周邊警力并實施布控20多分鐘后,在通往南坪幼兒園途中的一棟小樓里援交妹,民警發現了三名犯罪嫌疑人,其中一位臉色發青的男子從褲子口 袋里拿出了1000元現金“包包沒什么用, 我們扔了!”男子聲音有些顫抖。

Leftovers: Software