Language Selection

English French German Italian Portuguese Spanish

The Unix revolution

Filed under
OS

This November, the Unix community has another notable anniversary to celebrate: the 40th birthday of the first edition of Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie's Unix Programmers Manual, released in November 1971. Producing the document was no easy task, because at that point the Unix operating system grew by the week; budding aficionados added new commands and features to the system on a regular basis.

"The rate of change of the system is so great that a dismayingly large number of early sections [of the text] had to be modified while the rest were being written," Thompson and Ritchie noted in their introduction. "The unbounded effort required to stay up-to-date is best indicated by the fact that several of the programs described were written specifically to aid in preparation of this manual!"

That's why Unix timelines are fun to read—they give a sense of how quickly the system collaboratively evolved. But some of them either skip or mention without explanation a government decision that, in retrospect, paved the way not only for Unix, but perhaps for the open source movement as well: the 1956 Consent Decree between the United States Department of Justice and AT&T.

That crucial decision didn't exactly force AT&T to share Unix with the world, but it made the decision much easier.

rest here




More in Tux Machines

Leftovers: KDE

  • KDE-5_15.09 – september release for Slackware-current
  • Kontact and GnuPG under Windows
    Kontact has, in contrast to Thunderbird, integrated crypto support (OpenPGP and S/MIME) out-of-the-box. That means on Linux you can simply start Kontact and read crypted mails (if you have already created keys). After you select your crypto keys, you can immediately start writing encrypted mails. With that great user experince I never needed to dig further in the crypto stack.
  • Randa – KDE sprints 2015
  • KDE 5 Application Dashboard: A fullscreen app launcher that beats the competition
    Fullscreen applications launchers are my favorite kind of application menus, of which there are several to choose from on the K Desktop Environment, or KDE. On KDE 4, available options are the Takeoff Launcher, Simple Welcome, and Homerun.
  • Krita 2.9.7 Released!
    Two months of bug fixing, feature implementing, Google-Summer-of-Code-sweating, it’s time for a new release! Krita 2.9.7 is special, because it’s the last 2.9 release that will have new features. We’ll be releasing regular bug fix releases, but from now on, all feature development focuses on Krita 3.0. But 2.9.7 is packed! There are new features, a host of bug fixes, the Windows builds have been updated with OpenEXR 2.2. New icons give Krita a fresh new look, updated brushes improve performance, memory handling is improved… Let’s first look at some highlights:
  • Last Krita 2.9 Release Adds New Features, Fixes 150 Bugs, Krita 3.0 Coming Next
    The development team of the popular, open-source, and cross-platform digital painting software Krita, acclaimed by numerous artists from all over the world, have announced the release of the last maintenance version of the 2.9 branch.

GIMP and GNOME Foundation

Red Hat Results, Beta Release

Fedora: The Latest

  • Flock Rochester
    I’m not going to do a day by day outline of what I did at flock, if I did it would basically be “blah blah blah I talked a lot to a lot of people about a lot of tech topics” and anyone that’s ever met me would have guessed that! It was, as in the past, a great conference. A big shout out to the organisers for an excellent event with two excellent evening events! So I’m going to give a brief summary to my talks and link to slides and video recordings.
  • Day 4 of Flock 2015
  • Write the Docs 2015
    Writing documentation is not only about writing, but actually a lot about layout, accessibility, UX and UI, too. So I actually enjoyed listening to Beth Aitman, for example (here are here slides). Among the most memorable were Elijah Caine with his talk about writing emails, which I really really hope more people could listen to, and Christina Elmore talking about creative problem solving. One of my personal favorites was a lightning talk by Marcin Warpechowski about laptop stickers! TL;DR – stickers are a great way to engage employees and the community! Got me (and actually everybody) excited about stickers even more and willing to create some. GitHub’s octocat also contributed to my feelings about stickers. They actually produce a special version for all conferences they attend! Also I think it was ladies from GitHub taking most the notes (or maybe I just happened to seat behind them ;) ).
  • F23 Cloud Base Test Day September 8th!
    For this test day we are going to concentrate on the base image. We will have vagrant boxes (see this page for how to set up your machine), qcow images, raw images, and AWS EC2 images. In a later test day we will focus on the Atomic images and Docker images.
  • Impostor syndrome talk: FAQs and follow-ups
  • More Fedora 22 scrollbar annoyances (fixed)