Language Selection

English French German Italian Portuguese Spanish

The Unix revolution

Filed under
OS

This November, the Unix community has another notable anniversary to celebrate: the 40th birthday of the first edition of Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie's Unix Programmers Manual, released in November 1971. Producing the document was no easy task, because at that point the Unix operating system grew by the week; budding aficionados added new commands and features to the system on a regular basis.

"The rate of change of the system is so great that a dismayingly large number of early sections [of the text] had to be modified while the rest were being written," Thompson and Ritchie noted in their introduction. "The unbounded effort required to stay up-to-date is best indicated by the fact that several of the programs described were written specifically to aid in preparation of this manual!"

That's why Unix timelines are fun to read—they give a sense of how quickly the system collaboratively evolved. But some of them either skip or mention without explanation a government decision that, in retrospect, paved the way not only for Unix, but perhaps for the open source movement as well: the 1956 Consent Decree between the United States Department of Justice and AT&T.

That crucial decision didn't exactly force AT&T to share Unix with the world, but it made the decision much easier.

rest here




More in Tux Machines

Linux 4.17 RC6

  • Linux 4.17-rc6
    Things continue to be fairly calm. There's a couple of commits in here that aren't "trivial few-liners", but most of it really is pretty small. And in fact, a quarter of the full patch for the week is tooling - and the bulk of that is the testing subdirectory. In fact, drivers are in the minority here, because another 30% is arch updates (arm, s390, x86), and we even have more lines of filesystem fixes than we have driver fixes (admittedly mostly due to a few of the more-than-a-few-liner patches being to filesystems: afs and btrfs). We do have a few driver fixes (all over - hwmon, usb, sound, acpi, gpu), but it's all really small. So nothing special to report. Go read the shortlog, pull the changes, build, and test. It should all be good and pretty stable by this point. Linus
  • Linux 4.17-rc6 Kernel Released As Another "Fairly Calm" Release
    Linux 4.17 is up to its sixth weekly release candidate ahead of the official release expected by mid-June.

KDE Plasma 5.13 Looks Like an Awesome Update

The KDE Plasma 5.13 release is shaping up to be something rather special indeed. Currently in development, KDE Plasma 5.13 serves as the next major release of the leading Qt/Qml desktop environment. The update features a stack of improvements, refinements and some innovative new functionality. In this post we roundup the best KDE Plasma 5.13 features and changes, plus give you all the details on how to upgrade to Plasma 5.13 in Kubuntu and KDE Neon once it is released on June 12, 2018. Read more Also: First week of coding phase, GSoC'18

Today in Techrights

Introduction To VPS Or Virtual Private Server

VPS or Virtual Private Server is a virtual machine that’s hosted somewhere in the world. A VPS provider divides a physical computer into multiple virtual computers and one can buy and access those virtual machines as a service. Each virtual machine runs its own operating system so you can perform […] Read
more