Language Selection

English French German Italian Portuguese Spanish

KDE 4.0: Everything that has an end, has a beginning

Filed under
Reviews

Note: This review's based on KDE 4.0 installed on openSUSE 10.3. If you're running openSUSE 10.3, KDE 4.0 is extremely easy to install. (Apologies to the Wachowski brothers for the title.)

Get Over It

A confession: I was among the many who griped publicly (and privately) about KDE 4.0's release date. I thought KDE 4.0 was not ready for release and should be held back until it was. (Hey, my wife and my dog listened to me. So there.)

Why? There were two main reasons.

First, one of the things I've loved the most about KDE is its large range of configuration options. For example, there's about a gazillion things you can do with the "kicker panel" (a.k.a. the taskbar) at the bottom of the screen in KDE 3.5.7.


Some of KDE 3.5.7's many kicker configuration options

By comparison, there's little you can do with the panel in KDE 4.0 — and, compared to KDE 3.5.7, not a lot you can do with the desktop, either. It didn't help that the betas and release candidates of KDE 4 contained even less functionality than the final version.

Second, although I've been playing with Linux distros since the late 90s, I didn't start using Linux seriously until around 2003. So the only version of KDE that I learned well was KDE 3. Changes to the KDE 3.x series seemed incremental; in other words, if you ran a live CD containing KDE 3.0, you could definitely recognize it as the precursor to KDE 3.5.8. I assumed KDE 4's user interface (UI) would be a "superset" of KDE 3.x's.

Instead, the KDE developers chose to concentrate on rewriting KDE's "plumbing," focusing (as far as this non-developer can tell) on simplifying and modernizing KDE's application programming interfaces (APIs), and updating it to Qt 4 (Qt is the development framework that KDE's based on). Among other things, this new "plumbing" includes a multimedia back-end named phonon; a new way of dealing with hardware named solid; and, most noticeably, a new user interface named plasma. As its Wikipedia article notes, "Plasma is still undergoing heavy development."

(Long-time KDE users have already noticed that, for some strange reason, none of the names for these technologies begin with the letter "k.")

Wikipedia mentions that, in KDE "x.0" releases, the developers can break compatibility with former releases. They didn't go that far, since KDE 3.5.x apps seem to run just fine on KDE 4.0. But we did see an example of the open source mantra, "release early, release often," in action. And it's worth mentioning that, while still very rough around the edges, the released version of KDE 4.0 was greatly improved compared to the betas and release candidates.

Developers as Politicians

Something else happened that was interesting. Several KDE developers, realizing the controversy there would be over KDE 4.0's unfinished state, took the time to explain what was going on. In particular, Aaron Seigo, president of the KDE foundation and the man mainly responsible for Plasma, addressed naysayers in a long blog post titled "Talking Bluntly" (a recommended read). openSUSE's Stephan Binner wrote a couple of posts about the situation. As the openSUSE KDE 4 page says:

"To make a long story short: KDE 4.0 is not and never was meant to replace 3.5.x for regular users. The main goals were porting to Qt4 and creating the frameworks to create all the things announced for KDE 4. Frameworks are unfortunately hardly visible to the user, so most things that use them, like plasmoids, panel-functionality etc., will only appear after the frameworks are in place, i.e. starting with 4.1."

(If you've got the time and bandwidth, download and listen to The Linux Link Tech Show's Jan. 2nd interview with Aaron Seigo (link goes to a 33.8 MB audio file in ogg format). He comes across as a very intelligent, thoughtful guy, and does a great job explaining the decisions behind KDE 4. Mr. Seigo seems to have taken quite a bit of grief over Plasma, but handles criticism with aplomb. Calling someone a politician is not always an insult!)

From Kubuntu to KDE 4.0

Users of Kubuntu 7.10 "Gutsy Gibbon" were treated to a simplified file manager named Dolphin, a simplified control center named System Settings, and a web-based desktop search engine named Strigi. All three are in KDE 4.0. Moreover, Dolphin now plays the role of KDE's default file manager, and System Settings replaces the KDE Control Center.

   
Left: Dolphin and System Settings on Kubuntu. Right: Strigi desktop search on Kubuntu.

   
Dolphin, System Settings, and Strigi on KDE 4.0

KDE 4.0's user interface will seem familiar to users of former versions of KDE. The major change is the addition of so-called "widgets," or "plasmoids," to the desktop. (I'll use the terms interchangeably.) Widgets are usually SuperKaramba-like applets, which could potentially be anything from a clock to a calculator to a system monitor. But it goes further than that — even desktop icons are widgets.

     
The KDE 4.0 panel (itself a plasmoid), L-R: Kickoff menu; traditional menu; task manager; desktop pager; Klipper (in the System Tray); New Device Notifier; and clock

Desktop widgets can be added by mousing over the Plasma icon in the upper right-hand corner of the screen, or from a desktop context menu. If you want to add one to the panel (such as the "traditional menu" seen above, or a trashcan), you can click and drag them from the "Add Widgets" dialog to an empty spot on the panel. You can also filter your favorite widgets from that dialog, as well as take them off your desktop.

 
Miscellaneous widgets

 
Messing around with widgets (click for larger image)

Widgets can be rotated, made larger, configured (if there are any configuration options for that widget), and made to quit, via small icons in the frame surrouding them that shows up when you mouse over them. You can lock them to the desktop, which hides the frame (which is handy, because at this point, sometimes the frame doesn't go away when it should).

Essential Apps

It would seem that the KDE developers wanted users to be able to differentiate between the web browser (Konqueror) and the file manager (Dolphin), instead of having the confusion of having Konqueror perform both functions. Although you can still use Konqueror as a file manager (by pressing Alt+F2 to open KRunner, and entering the command "konqueror --profile filemanagement" as before), for now, Konqueror uses Dolphin as its file management engine. (What's missing in both is a tree view in the right-hand pane. Hopefully that'll come back soon.)

Dolphin seems to have borrowed from GNOME's Nautilus file manager and from Mac OS X in its design. Of particular interest: the "breadcrumb" bar across the top, between the toolbar and the file window. Click on a ">" symbol to get a vertical listing of directories. The "breadcrumb" bar can be interchanged with a regular editable location bar with a mouse click. Also of interest: the new "columns" and "split" views (which sort of make up for the lack of a tree view in the right-hand pane).

   
L-R: Dolphin with "breadcrumb" bar; Dolphin using column view; Konqueror in file management mode

KDE 4.0's new default document viewer, Okular, can open up a huge variety of document formats. Gwenview is KDE's default image viewer. Konsole, KDE's terminal application, has a subtly revamped feel. (I could swear the line spacing is just a bit larger than it was in KDE 3.5.x; a pleasant surprise.)

   
L-R: Okular's list of supported formats; Gwenview in browser mode; Konsole's "profiles" settings

Games in KDE 4.0 now usually use scalable vector graphics, for a much nicer look. There are some interesting new applications, including Marble, a searchable "desktop globe;" and KPhotoAlbum, which is apparently complicated enough that the new user's offered a 10-minute series of introductory videos. As of this writing, KOffice 2.0 is still under development, and while some parts of it work, others (such as KWord) instantly crash.

     
L-R: Games in KDE 4.0; the Marble desktop globe; KPhotoAlbum; the Amarok audio player (version 2.0 "pre-alpha")

More Eye Candy

KDE 4.0's default theme, named Oxygen, comprises a new set of default sounds, a new, more photo-realistic set of icons, a windows decoration, or "windec" (the part that surrounds your application windows), and a widget style ("widget," in this sense, meaning buttons, scroll bars, progress bars, etc.).

(For those keeping score, most of these screenshots use Plastik as the windec and (the new) Plastique as the style. You still get to choose.)

   
The Oxygen style

If you've got a graphics card capable of displaying compositing effects (such as you'd see with Compiz Fusion), you'll find that KDE 4.0 includes many of its own. (They're turned off by default, but can be switched on from System Settings > Desktop > Desktop Effects.) Some of the effects are quite useful, such as the one that darkens the window underneath an active dialog box; and some are just for fun, such as the Explosion effect that makes windows that are closed, explode into pieces. Be advised that, at this point, turning on desktop effects can make other applications unresponsive, cause general flakiness, and make the entire UI unresponsive if you use an OpenGL screensaver.


     

L-R: Desktop effects settings; an Alt+Tab "box switch" window switcher; a "desktop grid" virtual desktop chooser

Finally, KDE 4.0 also comes with some gorgeous wallpapers.

In Conclusion...

KDE 4.0's release has been a learning experience, at least for me. KDE 4.0's got a long ways to go before it's ready to replace KDE 3.5.x. (For example, my desktop icons have suddenly stopped working!) But one thing is for sure: improvements (which is what you'll call them if you approve of them) and changes (which is what you'll probably call them if you don't) are occurring rapidly. (It seems like openSUSE releases new KDE 4 packages on an almost daily basis.) As far as the prior complaints go — fuggeddabouddit. Time to move on. I'm looking forward to seeing what KDE looks like, six months from now, and longer-term, years from now.

— Andrew Heil, aka "eco2geek"

For More Information:




StumbleUpon


Comment viewing options

Select your preferred way to display the comments and click "Save settings" to activate your changes.

A Fair Summary

My experience has been similar. I do remember one slightly angry diatribe by Aaron Segio in early beta days on his blog in response to some criticism. It appears to me that Mr. Segio has matured and grown in this development/release process. He is certainly a bright, thoughtful, and engaging person as his appearance on the TLLTS podcast clearly demonstrates.

I look forward to KDE 4.1 and 4.2, as I do believe that it will make for a magnificent desktop experience.

> KDE 3.5.x apps seem to run

> KDE 3.5.x apps seem to run just fine on KDE 4.0

That's because they use Qt4, whereas KDE4 uses Qt4, so I suppose KDE3-apps don't actually use anything from KDE4!

Makes sense

And since openSUSE puts KDE3 into /opt, and KDE4 into /usr (which is where all the other distros I've seen usually put KDE3), that probably makes it a whole lot easier to have them both installed at the same time, without naming conflicts.

s/Qt4/Qt3/

Béranger wrote:
That's because they use Qt4, whereas KDE4 uses Qt4
Obviously, what I wanted to say is "because they use Qt3, whereas KDE4 uses Qt4".

Nice summary Eco2geek.

I too was one of the ones that complained alot about the kde 4 rc/betas. I still feel there's alot of missing functionality and such..but overall, I was actually a lot LESS disappointed with kde 4.0 than I thought I would be. Some how..it seems they really made everything fall into place right before the release. I've been using it ever since..and aside from a few minor annoyances, it's a fairly solid desktop. I really like it..and I'm looking forward to future releases..which should be greatly improved feature-wise.

More in Tux Machines

New Releases

  • Security-Oriented Qubes OS 3.2 Improves the Integrated Management Infrastructure
    Today, September 29, 2016, Joanna Rutkowska announced the general availability of the second point release of the Qubes OS 3 stable series of the security-oriented and open-source Linux-based computer operating system. Qubes OS 3.2 is a maintenance release, which means that it mostly adds general fixes and improvements to various of the distribution's core components and functionalities, including the integrated management infrastructure that was introduced as part of the previous update, Qubes 3.1, allowing users to also manage the "insides" of a virtual machine.
  • Alpine Linux 3.4.4 Is Out, Ships with Linux Kernel 4.4.22 LTS, OpenSSL Patches
    Today, September 28, 2016, Alpine Linux creator and lead developer Natanael Cop has the pleasure of announcing the release of the fourth maintenance update to the latest stable Alpine Linux 3.4 server-oriented operating system series. Alpine Linux 3.4.4 is out as the most advanced version, powered by the recently released, long-term supported Linux 4.4.22 kernel and bringing up-to-date components to make your Alpine Linux-based server(s) more stable and reliable than ever. Most of the core components have been updated, but the most important one is OpenSSL 1.0.2j, which received the latest security fixes, just like in the rest of the GNU/Linux distros.

Leftovers: Software

  • Web Publishing and Development: Free Tools Abound
    Are you involved in DevOps and web development, or are you aiming to be? If so, you're probably very aware of many of the tools from the open standards and open source arenas that can make your work easier. Still, these are always spreading out at a fast clip and there are some applications and tools that are rarely discussed. Here at OStatic, we try to regularly update our collections focused on them. In this post, you'll find our latest roundup of free resources for web development that range from complete online courses available for free to unsung applications.
  • Phoronix Test Suite 6.6.1 Released
  • Skype for Linux Alpha 1.9 Adds a Dark Theme, Notification Muting
  • GNOME Calendar Pencils In Great New Features
    GNOME Calendar is one of the few decent desktop calendaring apps available on Linux — and it's going to get better.
  • The future of GNOME Calendar
    Today, the Calendar Team had the first meeting in history. Isaque, Lapo, Renata, Vamsi and I attended it, and the meeting was extremely productive! In fact, we were able to sketch out the general direction that GNOME Calendar will head towards.

More Android Leftovers

  • ​Google beats back Oracle again in Java Android case
    To recap, Oracle claimed the 37 Java application programming interface (API) packages Google used to develop Android are covered by copyright. Of course, that's not really the issue. True, the the US Federal Circuit Court of Appeals foolishly ruled that APIs could be copyrighted. But the US District Court for the Northern District of California ruled in May 2016 that Google's use of the Java APIs were not subject to copyright licensing fees. Instead, Android's use of the APIs was covered by "fair use."
  • Google’s Open Source Fuchsia OS: The Mystery Linux Distro
    Few things are more tantalizing than a good mystery, and Google is making waves for an open source-centric mystery that may end up having profound implications. It all started in August when an extensive and unusual code repository for a new operating system called Fuchsia was discovered online, and now the growing source code set is on GitHub. Thus far, Google officials have been mostly mum on the aim of this operating system, although they have made a few things clear in chat forums. Two developers listed on Fuchsia's GitHub page — Christopher Anderson and Brian Swetland — are known for their work with embedded systems. The Verge, among other sites, has made a few logical deductions about the possible embedded systems focus for Fuchsia: “Looking into Fuchsia's code points gives us a few clues. For example, the OS is built on Magenta, a “medium-sized microkernel” that is itself based on a project called LittleKernel, which is designed to be used in embedded systems,” the site reports. The GitHub postings that confirm that Fuchsia is based on Magenta are particularly notable because Magenta has had applications in the embedded systems space. Here are some direct quotes: "Magenta is a new kernel that powers the Fuchsia OS. Magenta is composed of a microkernel as well as a small set of userspace services, drivers, and libraries necessary for the system to boot, talk to hardware, load userspace processes and run them, etc. Fuchsia builds a much larger OS on top of this foundation."
  • As Blackberry pulls out of handset business it has some big patent strategy calls to make

Leftovers: Ubuntu

  • Budgie-Remix Makes Progress With Ubuntu 16.10 Base, Beta 2 Released
    Budgie-Remix, the unofficial Ubuntu spin making use of the Budgie Desktop, has released its 16.10 Beta 2 milestone following this week's Yakkety Yak Beta 2 release. Budgie-Remix is re-based to the latest Ubuntu 16.10 Yakkety package changes. In addition, a number of the Budgie-0Remix packages have been working their way into Debian proper and thus are available to Ubuntu 16.10 users via the official channels. Now available this way is the budgie-desktop package, Moka icon theme, Faba icon theme, and the Arc theme. The Ubuntu repository has also pulled in the Budgie artwork and wallpaper packages too.
  • Yakkety Yak Final Beta Released
  • Canonical Launches Commercial Support for Kubernetes
    Canonical, the lead commercial vendor behind the open-source Ubuntu Linux operating system, is getting into the Kubernetes market. Canonical now offers a freely available implementation of Kubernetes as well as commercial-support options. "I have no doubt that Kubernetes will be one of the major container co-ordination systems," Mark Shuttleworth, founder of Ubuntu, told ServerWatch.
  • [How To] Build an Ubuntu Controlled Sous-Vide Cooker
    I’ll be honest with you from the off: I had zero idea what sous-vide cooking was before I started writing this post. Wikipedia dutifully informs me that’s Sous-Vide is a style of cooking that involves a vacuum, bags, and steam.
  • Mintbox Mini Pro Linux Mini PC Launches For $395
    This week a new version of the popular Mintbox Mini Linux PC has been launched for $395 in the form of the Mintbox Mini Pro which is now equipped with 120 GB of SSD mSATA together with 64-bit AMD A10-Micro6700T system-on-a-chip with Radeon R6 graphics and features 8GB of DDR3L. The latest Mintbox Mini Pro is shipped preloaded with the awesome Linux Mint 18 operating system and includes a microSD card slot a serial port, and a micro SIM card reader. The new Mintbox Mini Pro is the same size as the original and measures 4.3 x 3.3 x 0.9 inches in size and weighs in at around 255g. The Linux mini PC incorporates a fanless design and features an all-metal case made of aluminium and zinc.