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Reddit: GNU Project, Linux,Free and Open Source Software,Civil Rights, Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act (CISA), President Obama's Executive Order 13636 on Cyber-security

Sunday 6th of July 2014 06:44:19 AM

The GNU Project, Linux, and other Free and Open Source Software are a form of Civil Rights and should be protected by the constitution. The Cyber intelligence Sharing and Protection Act is a violation of privacy and possible violation of the fourth amendment. President Obama issued Executive Order 13636 in 2013 titled Improving Critical Infrastructure of Cybersecurity. Linux was created by a visionary, and against all odds persevered and became one of the largest community projects ever.

I’ll provide sources and excerpts from those sources below. Share your thoughts about these issues.

A quick Primer on all of these topics:

The GNU Project is a free software, mass collaboration project, announced on 27 September 1983, by Richard Stallman at MIT. Its aim is to give computer users freedom and control in their use of their computers and computing devices, by collaboratively developing and providing software that is based on the following freedom rights: users are free to run the software, share it (copy, distribute), study it and modify it. GNU software guarantees these freedom-rights legally (via its license), and is therefore free software; the use of the word "free" always being taken to refer to freedom.

Civil rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments and private organizations, and ensure one's ability to participate in the civil and political life of the state without discrimination or repression. And individual rights such as privacy, the freedoms of thought and conscience, speech and expression, religion, the press, assembly and movement.

In 1991, in Helsinki, Linus Torvalds began a project that later became the Linux kernel. He wrote the program specifically for the hardware he was using and independent of an operating system because he wanted to use the functions of his new PC with an 80386 processor. Development was done on MINIX using the GNU C compiler. This is still the main choice for compiling Linux today. The code however, can be built with other compilers, such as the Intel C Compiler. As Torvalds wrote in his book Just for Fun, he eventually ended up writing an operating system kernel. On 25 August 1991, he announced this system in a Usenet posting to the newsgroup "comp.os.minix."

The Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act (CISPA H.R. 3523 (112th Congress), H.R. 624 (113th Congress)) is a proposed law in the United States which would allow for the sharing of Internet traffic information between the U.S. government and technology and manufacturing companies. The stated aim of the bill is to help the U.S. government investigate cyber threats and ensure the security of networks against cyber-attacks. The legislation was introduced on November 30, 2011, by Representative Michael Rogers (R-MI) and 111 co-sponsors. It was passed in the House of Representatives on April 26, 2012, but was not passed by the U.S. Senate. President Barack Obama's advisers have argued that the bill lacks confidentiality and civil liberties safeguards, and the White House said he would veto it. In February 2013 the House reintroduced the bill and it passed in the United States House of Representatives on April 18, 2013, but stalled and ultimately was not voted on by the United States Senate.

Section from cybersecurity executive order: By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, it is hereby ordered as follows:

Section 1. Policy. Repeated cyber intrusions into critical infrastructure demonstrate the need for improved cybersecurity. The cyber threat to critical infrastructure continues to grow and represents one of the most serious national security challenges we must confront. The national and economic security of the United States depends on the reliable functioning of the Nation's critical infrastructure in the face of such threats. It is the policy of the United States to enhance the security and resilience of the Nation's critical infrastructure and to maintain a cyber-environment that encourages efficiency, innovation, and economic prosperity while promoting safety, security, business confidentiality, privacy, and civil liberties. We can achieve these goals through a partnership with the owners and operators of critical infrastructure to improve cybersecurity information sharing and collaboratively develop and implement risk-based standards.

submitted by cortell
[link] [2 comments]

LXer: 6 Video Rippers and Transcoders for Linux

Sunday 6th of July 2014 06:26:57 AM
There are several programs for video ripping and transcoding in Linux, allowing to choose from a wide number of formats and containers for the output video files. This is an overview of six applications which allow you do transcode videos.

Reddit: Any idea what's up with Distrowatch?

Sunday 6th of July 2014 05:14:13 AM

Reddit: Why does Netflix work on Chrome OS but not any other Linux-based OS?

Sunday 6th of July 2014 04:49:19 AM

From Netflix' website:

Instant Watching System Compatibility Complete System Requirements

To watch instantly, you''ll need a computer that meets the following minimum requirements:

Windows Windows Vista or Windows 7 Internet Explorer 8 or higher; or the latest version of Firefox; or the latest version of Chrome 1.2 GHz processor 512 MB RAM Mac An Intel-based Mac with OS 10.4.11 or later Safari 4 or higher; or the latest version of Firefox; or the latest version of Chrome 1 GB RAM Chrome OS A Google Chromebook or Chromebox running Chrome OS 29 or higher

submitted by dbbo
[link] [41 comments]

LXer: How to convert an EXT3 filesystem partition to EXT4

Sunday 6th of July 2014 04:32:35 AM
Ext4 fiflesystem includes multiple improvements in terms of filesystem performance. It this article we show how to convert an ext3 fileystem to ext4 and thus enabling some of the ext4 performance enhancement features.

Reddit: Building a custom OS?

Sunday 6th of July 2014 04:07:10 AM

I saw SUSE studio today already built a basic OS,however i am skeptical and have some questions I was hoping the community here could answer. 1.What are the upsides and downsides to a custom OS? 2.Any other software besides SUSE studio? Thank you.

submitted by yabloodywatm8
[link] [3 comments]

LXer: Aeon Command Galactic Battle Game on Steam for Linux

Sunday 6th of July 2014 02:38:13 AM
Aeon Command has been made available through Steam on Linux too. The game is available for purchase for a modest price of 2.54€, however a Linux demo is available on their website (see below for instructions on how to run the demo).

Reddit: DE for usage in public library

Sunday 6th of July 2014 02:25:05 AM

For 2-3years now I have had the machines running Ubuntu previously with Gnome2 now running Gnome in fallback to emulate a more Windows like experience. Attempts to run Unity/Gnome3 was met with unhappy users with complaints it is not like Windows so therefore it is bad.

After a string of problems with fallback I am thinking maybe I should switch to something better supported. Cinnamon/LXDE have been what I was looking at.

Just seeing if anyone else has some ideas or experience in providing the simplest experience for end users.

submitted by Xaanos
[link] [16 comments]

Reddit: Is np1/mps safe to use?

Sunday 6th of July 2014 01:58:05 AM

I'm looking for a lightweight alternative to spotify on my old debian machine that is sadly still my main computer (college sucks.). I found this repository on github that seems pretty interesting. I was wondering if this was legit. It seems to good to be true and there is no information on it anywhere online. I would figure something this awesome would be well known if it was safe. --- The repository.

submitted by yyttr3
[link] [5 comments]

Reddit: I want to switch to Linux for a try (long time MS user), do i need to worry about graphics card compatibility?

Sunday 6th of July 2014 12:50:03 AM

I own an ASUS N56VZ

Sporting a NVIDIA® GeForce® GT 650M with 2GB DDR3 VRAM. (I know its not much)

But I am worried about more then just the graphics. I have been using windows all my life, and i am not sure what to expect on a Linux OS.

I am a ~kinda experienced programmer, and am not intimidated by using the terminal or anything. I just don't know what to expect.

Can anyone convince me to switch? (it wont take much since my explorer.exe keeps crashing)

What do these different systems have to offer? and what are the differences? (Fedora, CENT, Ubuntu... ?)

he main question is WHY DO YOU CHOOSE LINUX OVER WINDOWS?????, cuz i personally find WIN7 quite nice.

Just wanted to see if anyone on this subreddit is willing to dish out some advice to us mainstream windows users.

submitted by CyndaquilTurd
[link] [12 comments]

LXer: GamingOnLinux Turns 5 Today!

Sunday 6th of July 2014 12:43:51 AM
That's right folks I have now officially been doing this for 5 years and hope to be doing this for another 5!

Reddit: EL7 packages for EL6 (RHEL/CentOS)

Saturday 5th of July 2014 11:44:00 PM

I've started a project called 7for6. The idea is simple, backport EL7 packages to EL6. This originated because I needed a newer version of postfix (imap push support) and squid (smp support).

Goals / Notes

  • intended to replace major applications with their EL7 version
  • keep packages as close to EL7 upstream as possible
  • built against EL6 libraries (not EL7 binary compatible)

Currently, I have ported squid and dovecot. I am looking to port postfix and tmux, soon. I'm hoping someone will find this useful and maybe even contribute!

Github: 7for6

Binary Packages: (use at your own risk)

submitted by pyther24
[link] [5 comments]

Reddit: Does buying a new laptop feel inherently risky?

Saturday 5th of July 2014 11:24:57 PM

There's so much that goes wrong all the time. Wifi not working, something wrong with power management, glitchy graphics card drivers, some keys not mapped to nothing, bricking, bios problems, poorly implemented UEFI that doesn't like Linux, sound not playing, poor overall performance relative to Windows, etc.

There are so many horror stories of things going wrong, I feel a bit apprehensive about buying a newer model laptop. What's the best way to mitigate the risk or is it best to stick with proven older models?

submitted by SarcasmMonster
[link] [15 comments]

Reddit: Cool .bashrc profiles?

Saturday 5th of July 2014 11:20:19 PM

I've found I have to do more and more terminal work and rather like it. To make it "nicer", does anyone know of or have nice looking or functional .bashrc profiles?

submitted by BellLabs
[link] [4 comments]

Reddit: trouble getting VLC to autostart on second monitor

Saturday 5th of July 2014 11:16:19 PM

I've read lots of posts on how to do this but can't seem to figure it out. It's essential for the webcam to open up on the second monitor full screen automatically when the PC starts. I am using Lubuntu and starting VLC with the LXSession autostart option. I don't see any options in the LXSession setup or in VLC itself to open on the second monitor.

VLC does not automatically save its position running fullscreen on the second monitor if I close and restart it.

I tried using this in LXSession setup but it doesn't work:

vlc --video-x=1300 --video-y=100 -f -v4l2:///dev/video0

I'm still learning my way around Linux, any help would be appreciated!

submitted by SalvageOperation
[link] [comment]

LXer: Linux Mint 17 KDE Overview & Screenshots

Saturday 5th of July 2014 10:49:29 PM
Linux Mint 17 ‘Qiana’ KDE and Xfce editions were released late last month, just a few weeks after the main editions (Cinnamon and MATE) were put out. This release will have the same lifespan as the distribution which is based on, Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr, so it will be supported until 2019, for no less than five years.

TuxMachines: Leftovers: Gaming

Saturday 5th of July 2014 09:08:35 PM